Voice Color or Tone in Voice Over
Tone of voice, also known as tone of voice. These are the terms used by the public when describing sound types. In order to understand the color or tone of voice, we need to know technically how speech and hearing occur. Because only in this way can we understand the terms of tone color or tone, which are frequently used in the field of voice-over dubbing.
We all know how we hear and how the voice is formed in human beings from the stories told in primary school years. As you breathe in, air passes between your vocal cords. Air passing through the wires does not make them vibrate. Because the sounding wires are attached very loosely from one side of the pipe to the other. But when you want to talk, these wires get tense. The air coming up from your lungs makes the strings vibrate and thus creates sound waves. Your lips and teeth serve to put the sounds produced by your vocal cords into words. In hearing, sound waves hit our eardrum, making the three ossicles in the middle ear vibrate. The vibrations generated move through the fluid in the spiral-shaped inner ear known as the cochlea and move the hairy cells in the cochlea. Hairy cells sense movement and convert it into chemical signals for the auditory nerve. After that, the auditory nerve sends the information it receives to the brain with electrical pulses, and these pulses are perceived as sound in the brain.
Human; It hears sound vibrations between 20 (Hz) Hertz and 20 (kHz) Kilo Hertz. The tone of voice is like our fingerprints, each person's tone is different. The reason why people's voice tones are different is the numerical difference of the speech frequency from the other, as well as the lip, tongue, tooth, mouth structure. Only in this way can we create different tones from each other. Not only do these make our voice different, our emphasis on words (toning), body and facial expressions are among the other elements that make our voice different.
After making these general definitions, let's move on to voice-over and dubbing artists. There are hundreds of local and foreign voice actors in the sound bank of many dubbing agencies in Turkey. The tone of each one is very different.
How will we choose?
You will choose a sound for your project and you must like the sound. Have you ever wondered how and why people like it? man likes according to a pattern defined in his creation. The name of this template is the golden ratio. We choose and like everything in life in proportion to this golden ratio. Since everything has an attraction (attraction), the tone and tone of voice are attractive to us in proportion to the golden ratio defined by ourselves, and we like that sound more than others.
Sound intensity is a situation related to the amplitude of the sound, not its frequency. The situation where the sound is loud or low to our ears is defined as the intensity of the sound. Let's not forget that sound colors and tones are our diversity and richness. We are all different with his voice and we are unique to his voice. We believe that these terms related to sound should be known in the media production sector.
Considerations in Voice Over;
Voice Over To mention a few points to be considered during the process;
Intonation and Melody;
There should be a change in tone and melody while reading, in order for the voice-over texts to be more fluent and not boring the listener. Because a straight read will bore the viewer in a matter of minutes. Therefore, while performing the vocalization, it should be decided which words and passages will be given more attention and the tone of emphasizing these points should be increased. But this should be done naturally! If something sounds exaggerated or wrong, it will annoy your audience.
Considering that the goal is to be heard and trusted by the audience, it is important to speak in a way that everyone can understand. So to draw the listener's attention to certain parts of a speech, you can try changing the volume, sometimes louder, sometimes softer, and make sure that the selected transitions are separate from the others. Speaking in front of the microphone doesn't always require you to speak in a low voice. In situations where you want to increase the volume, it is preferable to keep yourself slightly away from the microphone and speak louder than usual. Speech is not ordinary speech and if the words are delivered softly, the voice actor will not be able to convey the desired passion and enthusiasm.
To ensure clarity and to be understood by the audience, it is necessary not to neglect to express each word in detail.
Even in the same sentence, stressing different words can change the focus of a message. Look: “I went to that supplier's office,” “I went to that supplier’s office,” “I went to that supplier’s office,” “I went to that supplier’s office.” Although the sentences are the same, how the emphasis is made changes what is meant to be explained. That is, changing emphasis can make a change in meaning or implication.
According to celebrity presenter Carmen Taran, when pauses in a speech are strategically placed, they can make the difference between a good and excellent presentation. There are several purposes for which pauses can be used: to give listeners a chance to perceive something that has just been said, to establish expectations about something to be said, to allow the performer to breathe properly, etc.
If a project is voiced too quickly, it can make it difficult for the audience/listener to understand and cause anxiety. Even if it is voiced very slowly, it can tire and bore people. Therefore, it should proceed at a natural pace.
There needs to be consistency between the tone of the voiceover and the content being conveyed. No one can prove their strength by speaking softly, or by using a helpless tone to show that they are in control of the situation. So make sure you internalize the content of the presentation, check it's consistent with the text, then set the right tone for that speech or part of it.
Remember to follow these 7 tips when using your voice. Afterwards, we guarantee you'll get a better performance, a better voiceover overall, and a more enthusiastic audience response.